Saturday, June 5, 2010

Irodov Problem 3.39

Let the dipole be represented as a pair of negative and positive charges q and -q located at distance d/2 from the origin as shown in the figure. The electric dipole moment then is given by,

I will determine the potential due to the dipole using two different methods. Method 1 is easier.

Method 1: Using basic geometry

When , the distance of the point X from the positive and negative charges are respectively, is given by and as shown in the figure. The potential at point X is given by,

Method 2 : Using Taylor's Series
The potential due to these to charges at a point X is then given by,

If we assume that d is very very small, then using Taylor's series expansion on the variable d we have,

The electric field is given by,

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