The hollow hemispherical bowl can be thought of being composed several infinitesimally thin rings. Consider an infinitesimally thin ring (shaded as red in the figure) that is at an elevation angle and its thickness subtends an angle . The thickenss of this ring will be and its radius will be . The total surface area of this thin ring will hence be . The total charge contained in this ring will hence be,

Now in problem

(see in the figure), using this result we can compute the electric field due to this inifinitesimally thin ring as,

**3.9**we have already computed the electric field due to a ring at points along its axis. Since, the center of the hemisphere is at a distance from this infinitesimally thin ring(see in the figure), using this result we can compute the electric field due to this inifinitesimally thin ring as,

Isnt't it interesting that the electric field strength at the center does not depend on the radius

**R**of the bowl? The net electric field can be determined as,

Similary, we can determine the potential at the center of the infnitesimally thin ring by using the result derived in Problem

**3.30****Eqn 1**and use it to determine the potential at the center of the hemisphere as,
How did the pie get cancelled?

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